European Women’s Agency

Agency for German Girls is a collection of essays that explore the complex ways that women and young girls construct all their lives across Europe. It employs a range of methodological solutions and new archival material to investigate the interplay between gender, society and the ways that girls manage their daily experiences. The chapters in this volume look at women’s encounters from various cultural, societal and financial perspectives: as mothers and wives; as philanthropists; as writers and artists; and as activists. Despite the vastly different source materials, some key themes unite the contributions as a whole. One is the centrality of a notion of female agency. The authors employ micro-studies of individual cases to reveal how women, despite their legal disabilities because of their gender, could assert considerable agency in the pursuit of their interests.

The articles in this quantity emphasize the significance of taking sex into account when describing the premature integration processes in Europe. Maria Pia Di Nonno, for instance, looks at how the people in Malta’s Common Assembly and the predecessor to the European meeting czech girls Parliament earnestly influenced the integration of Europe. In Bernard Capp’s chapter on Agnes Beaumont, the subject herself wrote a word to demonstrate how disobeying her father was an act of bureau unto itself.

A final factor discusses how position socialist women’s organizations in Eastern Europe served as both brokers on behalf of women and, simultaneously, prevented their bureau. A closer examination of the institutions and political contexts in which these recognized organizations operated reveals a more nuanced picture, the author suggests, casting doubt on revisionist feminist scientists’ assertions that they were “agents on behalf of people.”

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